Paleontology is the study of the development of life on Earth. Paleontologists study ancient plants and animals using the fossil record, and impressions which have been made in rocks. There are many different things that paleontologists study, such as fossilized species, tracks, and other residues.
Modern paleontology seeks to understand how the changing climate and geography has effected the evolution of life over many years. Paleontologists seek to understand how the ecosystem have been changed by certain climate factors. Paleontology is often mixes with geology, and understanding botany and biology is also important in the field of paleontology.
There are different types of scientists who study paleontology. Those that study microfossils are known as Micropaleontologists, while those that study vertebrate fossils are known as vertebrate paleontologists. These scientists study the different aspects of fossils. Even more specialized fields are being developed. Those who study as paleontologists do work which gives a better understanding of the evolution of various forms of life.
Information about fossils also have an importance in economics, especially for mining companies or the petroleum industry. Being able to look at the fossils contained within a rock will allow its age to be accurately measured. The field of paleontology was first established in the 18th century. Throughout history, there have been many famous paleontologists.
Charles Darwin often collected fossils, and even Thomas Jefferson was very interested in the fossils of mammoths. Many Paleontologists have made notable achievements to the field. As technology advances, it is believed that paleontologists will even more important roles to play in the development of science. The field is broken into many smaller categories.