Hard vs Soft Water

What is Hard Water?

Causes & Effects of Water Hardness Hard water reduces the effect of soap and detergent and causes limescale build-up, but provides a useful source of … Read more

What is Nitrogen

What Is Nitrogen?

Where is Nitrogen Found? Nitrogen and oxygen make up most of the air, and the nitrogen cycle controls its use in the vital processes of … Read more

How a battery works

How do Batteries Work?

How does a battery produce electricity? A simple explanation of the way the batteries that we use in our laptop computers, mobile phones, and electronic … Read more

Wine Science

Wine Chemistry

Importance of Chemical Understanding of Wine An explanation of the chemical processes involved in the production of wine and in those that determine the appearance, … Read more

Biochemistry

What is Biochemistry?

Study of the Chemistry of Living Things DNA, enzymes, fats, carbohydrates, and hormones are all part of the discipline of Biochemistry. On the interface between … Read more

Enzyme Facts

What Is an Enzyme?

Enzyme Facts A cell’s ability to carry out essential chemical reactions separates the animate from the inanimate. Without enzymes, these reactions and life itself would … Read more

How Shampoo Works

How Does Shampoo Work?

Chemistry of Shampoo Cleaning Action Shampoo’s main purpose is to clean hair. Here’s how shampoo does it. Shampoo marketers go to great lengths to make … Read more