What do Horses Eat?

Horses are some of humanity’s most faithful companions. Our ancestors used them to travel long distances, hunt games, and even fight battles. Nowadays, most horses live relatively easy lives with owners who ride as a hobby instead of a necessity.

The most challenging part of keeping horses is making sure they’re on a proper diet. If you want to know what wild and domestic horses eat or what treats you can give a horse, the sections on this page will help you.

What do Domestic Horses Eat?

Horses under the care of humans eat a variety of diets depending on what work they do, age and health. Most horses are mainly fed hay, with portions of oats given once a day. Others receive less hay and oats but spend the day grazing grass in pastures. The feed mix depends on how active the horse is; more work will require more calories from grains. Owners may also give their stock supplements to help keep the horses in prime condition. For example, beet pulp is the leftover remains of sugar beets that have been processed into table sugar.

What do horses eat
What do horses eat? Hay

Beet pulp is high in fiber but still has roughly the same calories as oats. This makes it suitable for horses’ digestion while still being nutritionally valuable. Other supplements are highly-specialized blends that can help horses’ joint digestion issues and promote a lustrous coat. Every horse has a special diet that works best for it, so most owners find experimentation is the only way to find the best routine.

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No matter what it is eating, every horse needs two other things to stay healthy: salt and water. Salt is provided in large; compressed chunks called salt blocks. Horses instinctively know when their body is low on salt and will chew on the block as needed. Water must be available at all times, as horses need over 10 gallons a day to stay hydrated. If you go for a long ride and won’t be near a river, be sure to bring some water along for your horse.

What do Wild Horses Eat?

Only a few genuinely wild horses are left, known as Przewalski’s horses, which live in Mongolia. Now, most horses in the wild are feral, descended from escaped domestic horses. They travel in family herds, grazing on grasses and shrubs and covering large territories over several weeks.

Horse Eating Grass
Horse Eating Grass

Foals drink their mother’s milk until they are old enough to eat grass. Livestock farmers complain that mustangs trample and steal hay from their sheep and cattle, so mustangs are increasingly being driven into captivity or more barren lands. However, there are still places worldwide, including the United States, where feral horses roam free.

What Treats do Horses Like?

If you are wondering what you can feed a horse as a treat, the good news is that they enjoy a wide variety of snacks. Apples and carrots are the most famous horse treats, but they also love sugar cubes, other vegetables, and whole wheat bread. Most stables also have commercial horse treats around, which you can ask to give instead. Remember that you should always ask before feeding a horse, as it may be unfriendly or allergic to your offering. To provide a horse a treat safely, hold out your hand with the treat in the center of your palm. Keep your fingers flat so that you don’t accidentally get bitten. Let the horse come up to you and gently take the treat from your hand. While the horse is chewing, you might be able to reach up and stroke its neck. Horses have delicate digestive systems, but with safe and tasty treats, you may win yourself a new best friend.

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